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Inventory of the Dr. George Simkins, Jr. Collection

Description of the physical holdings of the Dr. George Simkins, Jr. Collection located in the University Archives at NC A&T SU's F.D. Bluford Library.

Contact Information

Archives & Special Collections
Room 201, F.D. Bluford Library
North Carolina A&T State University
1601 E. Market St.
Greensboro, NC  27411
336.285.4176 (phone)
336.334.7783 (FAX)
refemail@ncat.edu
http://www.library.ncat.edu/archives/

Descriptive Summary

Repository

F.D. Bluford Archives & Special Collections

Creator

Dr. George Simkins, Jr.

Title

The Dr. George Simkins, Jr. Collection

Call Number

LC 300 S65 1960

Language of Materials

English

Extent

  • Box 1 (21 items)
  • Box 2 (18 items)
  • Box 3 (22 items)

Abstract

George Simkins Jr. was a leader in civil rights activities in Greensboro, NC. He also served as president of the city's branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, from 1959-1984. He attacked segregated public facilities that often resulted in landmark Supreme Court cases. These include Gillespie Park Golf Course, Moses Cone Hospital, and Wesley Long Hospital court cases. The collection includes private papers, newspaper clippings, biographical information, family information, legal documents, information on integration of Gillespie Park Golf Course, Moses Cone Hospital, and Wesley Long Hospital. It also includes briefs, newspaper articles, and pictures about desegregation, civil rights events, and personalities.

Administrative Information

Restrictions to Access

This collection has no restrictions to access.

Acquisitions Information

Please consult the Archives Staff for additional information.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of Item], in the George Simkins, Jr. Papers, Archives Collection, F.D. Bluford Library, North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University, Greensboro, NC.

Copyright Notice

North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University owns copyrights to this collection. Individuals obtaining materials from the F.D. Bluford Library are responsible for using the works in conformance with United States Copyright Law as well as any restrictions accompanying the materials.

Biographical Note

George Simkins, Jr. was a leader in civil rights activities in Greensboro, NC. He also served as president of the city's branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People from 1959-1984. He attacked segregated public facilities that often resulted in landmark Supreme Court cases. These include Gillespie Park Golf Course, Moses Cone Hospital and Wesley Long Hospital court cases.

Catalog Subject Headings

  • Moses H. Cone Hospital and Wesley Long Hospital
  • [Desegregation of] Gillespie Park Golf Course
  • The George Simkins Collection. A&T
  • Briefs [from court cases about desegregation]
  • Voting and civil rights
  • Historic decision on segregation
  • "Proud of city - Dr. George Simkins: a great day"
  • Moses H. Cone Memorial Hospital and Wesley Long Community Hospital Case
  • Greensboro A Chosen Center

Container List

Box 1: Moses Cone Hospital & Wesley Long Hospital

  1. Moses H. Cone Memorial Hospital and Wesley Long Community Hospital Case
  2. Medical World News, “Historic Decision on Segregation, November 22, 1983
  3. “Proud of City – Dr. Simkins: A Great Day”. The Greensboro Record, August 26, 1971
  4. United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit No. 8908 G.C. Simkins, Jr., et al and the United State of America, appellants vs. Moses H. Cone Memorial Hospital
  5. Moses H. Cone Memorial Hospital and Wesley Long Community Hospital Case. Introduction, Letters, Court Documents, and Newspaper articles
  6. Fripp, Gayle Hicks. Greensboro: A Chosen Center
  7. Cone Hospital papers, correspondences, court documents, newspaper clippings
  8. Papers about Dr. Simkins’ donation to Bluford Library Archives and his achievements; written by Richard Bardolph Standard on October 10, 1983
  9. Moses H. Cone Memorial Hospital and Wesley Long Community Hospital Case
  10. Meltsner, Michael. Equality and Health
  11. Public Health Service Regulations-Part 53. Revised August 13, 1958
  12. Public Health Service Act. Section 601. Revised September 23, 1958
  13. U.S. District Court for the Middle District of North Carolina Greensboro Division. George Simkins, Jr. et al. Plaintiffs vs. Moses H. Cone Memorial Hospital, Defendants. Pleading of the United States in intervention
  14. U.S. District Court for the Middle District of North Carolina Greensboro Division. George Simkins, Jr. et al. Plaintiffs vs. Moses H. Cone Memorial Hospital, Defendants. Memorandum of points and authorities in support of Motion to Intervene
  15. U.S. District Court for the Middle District of North Carolina Greensboro Division. George Simkins, Jr. et al., plaintiffs vs. Moses H. Cone Memorial Hospital. Motion to Intervene
  16. U.S. District Court for the Middle District of North Carolina Greensboro Division. George Simkins, Jr., et al., plaintiffs vs. Moses H. Cone Memorial Hospital, defendants. State of the Case
  17. Letters dealing with Simkins vs. Cone cases
  18. File: Moses H. Cone Memorial Hospital and Wesley Long case. Letter 1960 from the Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare re: The Hill Burton program and the policies of the two Greensboro hospitals
  19. Dr. Jack Atkins father-in-law of George Simkins announces retirement in the Friday Evening Twin City Sentinel Winston-Salem, North Carolina. March 25, 1960
  20. Commission on Civil Rights Special Publication No. 2 March, 1965. Equal Opportunity in Hospitals and Health facilities. Civil Rights policies under the Hill-Burton Program
  21. Court Documents: The Moses Cone Case

Box 2: Gillespie Park Golf Course

  1. Gillespie Park Golf Course Letters and a brief
  2. Gillespie Park Golf Course Case; letter of apology, June 28, 1960. Dr. Jack Atkins argued before the Supreme Court on behalf of the golfers.
  3. APPEAL. Gillespie Golf Park Course case. In the Supreme Court of the United States. October, 1959. Leon Wolfe, George Simkins, Jr., et al. vs. State of North Carolina
  4. Papers of Dr. George C. Simkins, Jr. Court Documents. The Gillespie Park Golf Course Case
  5. Supreme Court of the United States. October term, 1959
  6. No.7. Appellants vs. State of North Carolina
  7. Supreme Court of North Carolina. Spring Term, 1958. No. 582. Eighteen District. State vs. Phillip Cooke, Leon Wolfe, George Simkins, et al.
  8. Supreme Court of the United States. October, 1958. No. vs. Philip Cooke, Leon Wolfe, George Simkins, Jr., et al. Appelants vs. State of North Carolina. Appeal from the Supreme Court of the state of North Carolina
  9. Supreme Court of the United States. October, 1958. No. 466 vs. Philip Cooke, Leon Wolfe, George Simkins, Jr., et al. Appelants vs. State of North Carolina. Appeal from the Supreme Court of the state of North Carolina
  10. United States Court of Appeals for the fourth circuit No. 7450. City of Greensboro, et al., Appellants, versus George Simkins, Jr. et. al., Appellees. Appeal from the District Court of the United States for the Middle District of North Carolina at Greensboro. Civil action
  11. Supreme Court of the United States, October term, 1959. No. 7, Leon Wolfe, George Simkins, Jr., et al. Appellants, vs. State of North Carolina, Appellee. Appeal from the Supreme Court of the State of North Carolina. Brief
  12. Supreme Court of the United States, October Term, 1958. No. 466 Philip Cooke, Leon Wolfe, George Simkins, Jr., et al. Appellants vs. State of North Carolina, Appellees. Motion to Dismiss. Transcript of Record. Supreme Court of the United States. October Term, 1958 No. 466. Filed October 22, 1958. Jurisdiction postponed January 12, 1959
  13. United State Court of Appeals for the fourth circuit. No. 7450. City of Greensboro, et al., Appellants versus George Simkins, Jr. et al. Appellees. Brief and appendix for Appellees
  14. Supreme Court of the United States October term, 1959 No. 7 Leon Wolfe, George Simkins, Jr. et al. Appellants v. State of North Carolina. Appeal from the Supreme Court of the State of North Carolina. Petition for Rehearing
  15. Supreme Court of the United States October term, 1959 No. 7 Leon Wolfe, George Simkins, Jr., et al. Appellants vs. State of North Carolina. Appeal from the Supreme Court of the state of North Carolina. Reply to the Brief of Appellee
  16. Supreme Court of the United States, October term, 1959. No.7 Leon Wolfe, George Simkins, et. al. vs. State of North Carolina. Supplement to Petition for Rehearing
  17. Newspaper articles pertaining to the Gillespie Park Golf Course Incident
  18. Two resolutions by the city council of the city of Greensboro terminating lease of Gillespie Park golf course and authorizing the acceptance of payment for damages to clubhouse

Box 3: Voting and Civil Rights

  1. Simkins…The Four Freshmen. Jesse Jackson came in 1963.
  2. Simkins group won’t endorse primary slate. The Greensboro Record. June 11, 1982.
  3. Voter registration ends: what’s next? Carolina Peacemaker. October 9, 1982.
  4. Dr. George Simkins receives Carolina Peacemaker Award. April 24, 1982.
  5. Greensboro Branch-National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Annual Freedom Fund Banquet. March 27, 1983
  6. 12 who gave. The Greensboro News and Record. April 25, 1982. Editorial commentary.
  7. Death won’t end civil right fight. By Jim Schlosser. The Greensboro Record. July 1, 1982.
  8. Voter drive tally is now at 2,353. The Greensboro Record. September 14, 1982.
  9. Northwest annexation could lessen A&T student voting. The A&T Register. September 3, 1982.
  10. Voter drive held at A&T. The Greensboro Record. August 21, 1982.
  11. Simkins: Plan Discriminates. The Greensboro Daily News. July 21, 1982.
  12. Ruling is victory for Simkins. The Greensboro Record. June 10, 1982.
  13. Guilford legislators hear public. Familiar issues, no promises. The Greensboro Record. January 7, 1983.
  14. Civil rights leader Simkins is honored. The Greensboro Record. May 8, 1984.
  15. Lawyers skirmish. County denies NAACP claims that board elections are unfair. The Greensboro Record. July 14, 1983.
  16. Simkins plans to quit NAACP chapter post. The Greensboro News and Record. December 7, 1984.
  17. Simkins, Benjamin Hooks and Hanes Advisory Council on social responsibility. Carolina Peacemaker article. February 11, 1984.
  18. George Simkins: a lifetime struggling for civil rights. News and Record. February 4, 1990.
  19. Trouble in Greensboro. A report by the North Carolina Advisory Committee to the United States Commission on Civil Rights. March, 1970.
  20. Greensboro Police Department Study. Fagan D. Stackhouse, March 31, 1972.
  21. NAACP correspondence and other correspondence regarding discriminatory complaints, political information and the Greensboro Police Department’s black recruitment effort.
  22. Letter to Dr. Simkins from Miss Betty Jordan, secretary to Mr. Kiser of Guilford Dairy.

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